I learned so many things here. The curly coated retriever is believed to have originated in England around 200 years ago. These dogs have been small game hunters for centuries. The working group contains breeds that were mainly developed for guarding and fighting such as the mastiff or for pulling sleds like the Alaskan malamute. In fact, the dogs that ran with Egyptian pharaohs were very much like these Greyhounds. As a result are known for their ability to retrieve from water as well as on land. They earned the reputation as reliable hunting companions that could help with flushing, retrieving and pointing. The beginnings of the Border Collie can be traced back to the Roman Empire. For instance, they’re good athletes, beautiful show dogs, top-tier workers, but also the perfect companion dog. As a matter of fact, this dog breed came with the first setters. The crazy energy and mischief can also get them into trouble, especially if they’re not properly exercised. In addition, they’re not the best dogs for a novice trainer. The modern flat coated retriever can be worked, shown and a family pet. Now I know they're not an English breed. Translate Breed. Plus, their noses are sensitive and can track an otter’s scent trail underwater. It’s why they’re so unique. Known for their long bodies, short legs and bright smiles, the Pembroke Welsh Corgis are some of the most popular dogs today. Bloodhounds have the best noses in the canine kingdom. American president George H.W. Despite having presumably been bred for working sheep I haven't come across any evidence of them still being used as a working breed. With kids, they can be patient and caring too. The OES is technically an English dog. I have never seen an Old English Sheepdog closely shaved before na dI was pleasantly surprised. However, these dogs had later evolved into the breed we know today. Because this dog flushed smaller game, such as woodcocks, they were known as the “cocking spaniel.” And although they hunt all types of game today, the name was kept. Bedlington Terriers are born with a dark coat that develops into a lighter white coat as they get older. They may be small, but they enjoy plenty of exercise and can show an interest in hunting rats. Jack Russells, Parson Russells and Russell Terriers are near identical, except for the size variations. Often described as the happiest dog in the world, the Golden Retriever is a loving companion that’s highly adaptable and loving. So much so, that owners describe them as “forever young” dogs. Marcy J. Miller from Arizona on May 07, 2013: Thoroughly enjoyed this, Nettlemere -- it's certainly deserving of the HOTD recognition. The heaviest of the setter breeds, the Gordon Setter is less known than its… It’s what they were bred for, after all. It has been in existence since the 19th century when it was known for its skills as a rat killer. And as the modernization of hunting occurred, Pointers evolved with them to be one of the top gun dogs in the world. They are renowned for their stamina and intelligence others such as the Pyrenean mountain dog were bred to live with the flock and guard them from predators. I have enjoyed watching the Readyfield Bloodhounds on foot on a couple of occasions, but was never confident enough at jumping to join them on horseback. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I was stunned and saddened to see that no Foxhounds were registered over a year's time. In fact, many of the most well known dogs today originated or was derived from an English breed. They have a contoured head with big round eyes and long-hanging ears that engulfs their face. They were first bred in southern England, but have become a wildly popular breed around the world. He's always working with animal shelters and dog rescues because of his passion for all dogs. On the field, Cockers are tireless workers that will go above and beyond to please their hunters. All the toy breeds are very small or small. Despite the lack of registrations with the Kennel club there are still packs of foxhounds kept for hunting. oldest English dog is the Star Carr Yorkshire, 20. But when they’re with loved ones (especially with kids), the Bulldog will be sweet and friendly. Highlights: Adaptable, Docile, Intelligent. That is, they slept with their owners so fleas would bite them instead, thus saving the owners from diseases and plagues. Golden Retrievers were developed by crossbreeding a yellow retriever with the Tweed Water Spaniel, Irish Setter and Bloodhound. In fact, 5 of the 10 richest American families owned one. There’s also a hint of the Otterhound too. These dogs pack a lot of power into a fun-sized bite. In fact, the Whippets are very much like the Greyhounds, though a bit shorter and slimmer. Not surprisingly, the gundog group was bred for accompanying their owners out on a shoot, being used to scent out (hunt and point) game (usually birds) and retrieve injured and dead game. And even today, police departments and search & rescue groups deploy these dogs for all types of tracking and rescuing work. They're equally well suited to warm and cold weather. When distinguishing breed from type, the rule of thumb is that a breed always "breeds true". Perhaps people are put off by their reputation for stubbornness and their stamina. Even today, the Bullmastiff is one of the best guard dogs in the canine kingdom. English Cocker Spaniels. When put on a stretch of flat land, these dogs use their long legs and lean frames to reach speeds upwards of 40 miles per hour. And from there on, Clumber Spaniels served as hunting companions for Edward VII, George V and many others down the line. Congrats on HOTD. Like most English dog breeds that were bred for the elite, the Clumber retains a graceful, noble and proud attitude. The Bullmastiff is a smaller version of the English Mastiff, though they can still weigh up to 130 lbs and stand 27 inches tall. Hi Nettlemere. He had first developed petite terriers that served as ratters and fox flushers. Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent from Mississauga, ON on February 21, 2013: Further to my earlier comment. If you’ve ever seen a Border Collie in action, you’d probably notice the extreme focus and determination when they are on the field. In the end, they had a brave and capable working dog. American Staffordshire Terrier. However, they do require plenty of mental stimulation and exercise daily. I live in Lancashire, in the UK. But as their goofy appearance suggests, they are mischievous and playful when in the home. The English Mastiff is a classic mastiff-type dog breed. Confident with a sense of purpose, the English Shepherd is a true all-purpose working breed. The Cocker Spaniel specialized in hunting woodcocks, which is how they got their names. These dogs have a 270-degree field of vision, meaning they can see objects behind them. They are massive dogs with good heft and a heavy-boned frame. They were traditionally used for fighting and guarding. They are still listed as a vulnerable native breed but numbers are more healthy especially in their home county of Lancashire. This is where they earned their name. They have a powerful set of legs to keep them afloat and paddling through the murky waters. A Border Collie named Chaser is regarded as the most intelligent dog. It contains only one breed developed in England but it is perhaps the most famous English breed of all the bulldog; also known as the British or English bulldog. The United English Shepherd Association was established as a breed club and it has given very common guidelines on the dog’s look, with the focus still being on his ability to work. But for the most part, they are loving and gentle dogs. Due to the popularity of hunting amongst the English gentry, quite a lot of gundog breeds have been developed here. So, it made a lot of sense that some of the world’s best herding dogs originated from the country, including the renowned Border Collie. Beautifully done and great info. These dogs likely descended from the English Water Spaniel, Retrieving Setter and the Irish Water Spaniel. Weighing just 30 pounds, the Cocker Spaniel is the smallest dog in the sporting breed category. Sometimes we are an embarrassed owner, but we always love her. Historians know very little about the true origins of the Bloodhound. Parson Russells are intelligent dogs, but not in the obedient and blindly-following-orders kind of way. They also have stamina. Great job and thanks for sharing. While the Manchester Terrier was bred for hunting vermin, such as rats, the English Toy was bred down in size to serve as a toy companion. But no matter what you call them, all signs point to the Manchester Terrier as the ancestor breed for the toy dog. Dogs are the most variable mammal on earth, with artificial selection producing around 450 globally recognized dog breeds. The most common type of genetic problem is going to cause deafness. But on the bright side, they’re extremely smart dogs that respond very well to obedience training. The Parson Russell Terrier is a clever and spirited dog that has a seemingly unlimited amount of energy and excitement. They’re simply the best. However, make sure to include them in all family activities for them to thrive. They can get along with all types of people, such as seniors and children. As you may have guessed from the name, the point of the English Pointer is to point. In fact, they are the only dog breed explicitly mentioned in the Bible. This is true with English Setters. Because they are so low to the ground, they’re able to effectively dodge lethal kicks from the cattle. So, the following dogs’ job was born. The Border Collie is the smartest dog breed when it comes to obedience and work intelligence. One theory suggests they were smuggled from France into England during the French Revolution. The Border Terrier is an English dog that’s tough and never misses a beat. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi was the original Corgi. Border Terriers are used in the hunting of rabbits, foxes, groundhogs, raccoons, possums, and other animals, Highlights: Devoted, Charming, Fun-loving. That said, let’s examine 28 popular and unique dog breeds from England. English Bulldog Temperament: Charismatic Couch Potatoes. Fun fact: his all time favorite breed is the German Shepherd. How in the world did you get to take pictures of so many breeds? They’ll protect their master and the “assets” like their life depends on it. American Bulldog. Interesting. Beagles use their long hanging ears to “sweep” scents to their nose for more effective tracking. In fact, they’re the most intelligent dog breed in terms of obedience and working IQ. Quickly, these spaniels became a favorite among bird hunters, especially with the British royals. These dogs were developed by a man named Frank Jones, who had the nickname “roughrider.”. However, the best part of the Border Terrier is their eagerness to please. These type of gun dog breeds can also flush out game and point (or track) game. I've sneaked them in anyway. And over time, the two breeds became distinct as more clubs recognized both. Let us know in the comments section below! They’re agile yet tenacious, making them perfect watchdogs for livestock. For the most part, Beagles are easy-going and laid back dogs. Despite being curly-coated, these English dogs have straight hair on their faces. Strictly speaking hunting animals with dogs is illegal in the UK since the Hunting Act 2004 was passed, but packs can hunt a human runner laying a trail. We call this the “heeler smile.”. Since Victorian times, England had been home to a strain of terriers known as Jack Russells. Prospective owners should bear their stamina and terrier nature in mind though. The Bulldog, also known as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog, is a medium-sized dog breed.It is a muscular, hefty dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. So which English dog breed is your favorite and why? (I'm partial, as my longtime childhood companion was a Foxhound cross.). This was when the Otterhound made its name. In the beginning, they worked as generic helpers since hunters only had bows, nets and falcons to work with. But the fact is, they mature slowly and are always wagging their tails and giving kisses. That said, these mastiffs can weigh up to 230 lbs and stand nearly 28 inches tall at the shoulder! Hound dogs serve a very important role for hunters. The history of the Clumber starts in the late 1700s in Nottinghamshire of England. Great hub! In fact, they are one of the 5 most popular dog breeds in America! This breed is the national symbol of England, it has been associated with Winston Churchill, it appeared in many cartoons (Spike from Tom & Jerry), movies, commercials, is the … They’re highly capable hunting dogs and they know it too. They were often accompanied by small and agile spitz-type dogs that could herd and work. But their high energy levels, frequent exercise needs, and pack instincts make them tricky fits for an individual owner or family. Early paintings of Pointers can be found on 3,000 year old Egyptian tombs. During the hay day of hunting in England, hunters needed a tireless worker that’s high energy and a superb swimmer. Only one breed from the working group can claim to have been developed in Britain and that is the English mastiff, known here just as the mastiff. Though hard workers with a strong work ethic, Flat Coats know how to slow down and enjoy their time with the humans. The English Toy Terrier has had a variety of names, such as the Miniature Black and Tan or the Toy Manchester Terrier. Also called the Norwich Terrier, the Norfolk Terrier is a classic example of a terrier-type dog. However, England cannot take all the credit for these dogs. They’re mostly eager dogs, but can go on their stubborn streaks occasionally. The medium-size dog can adapt to apartment life and the great outdoors. Such comprehensive information on each of the breeds you wrote about and your pictures are superb! English Shepherd. In other words, they made dangerous deliveries and kept guard. In the 1800s, at the height of fox hunting, Parson Russells were used exclusively to hunt fox. Highlights: Fearless, Capable, Boisterous. Never the less a great and interesting hub N :). They are relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard. But don’t be fooled by their goofy looks – these dogs are herding dogs, after all. It's hard to resist a golden retriever! Standing around 23 inches tall, the Airedale Terrier is the biggest of all terrier dog breeds. Voted up and Awesome, Nettlemere. 6 However the end result still has a very profuse and instantly recognisable coat. texture. Despite their large stature, Airedale Terriers were originally bred to hunt and kill rats. There are now a number of packs of bloodhounds in the UK kept for hunting. They were first brought to Cardiganshire by the Celts tribe. They were only split into two breeds in 1964 - hence they really are rather similar in everything other than ear carriage. As a result, training requires patience with these terriers. This almost led to the extinction of the English Mastiff. This site is owned and operated by Jenco Digital LLC. These collies are clever and extremely intelligent dogs. I've known quite a lot of English pointers and chuckled at the Kennel clubs description of the English pointer being "clearly most at home on the moors, where he in his true element." The modern breed is shorter and more squat and unfortunately can suffer respiratory difficulties and be inclined to heat stress due to its 'squashed' nose. Combine this with their sheer strength and size, and few intruders would want to mess with this Mastiff. See 11 authoritative translations of Breed in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations. The English Shepherd temperament is the defining characteristic of the breed, with high intelligence and often a unique type of kindness for those in his home, both animals and people. I agree with what you said about the English pointer being more suited to the Spanish climate. There’s no better nickname for this English dog than the “king of terriers.” While most terrier-types are a small bundle of energy, the Airedale is a massive dog that stands 23 inches tall and can weigh up to 70 pounds as an adult male! This dog breed originates from the northern England and Scotland. Even when he was not famous or well-known. They were bred for a bloodsport, called “bull-bating” – much like the Pitbulls. You earned HOTD. Not only do they make perfect search & rescue dogs, but also thrive in a family-oriented situation. That said, England is home to some of the most popular terrier dogs. Some of the pastoral breeds, like the border collie, were developed for herding livestock such as sheep and cattle. Historians believe the Cocker Spaniel came to America (New England) on the Mayflower in 1620. Breed categories. For example, King Canute made laws in 1014 allowing greyhounds to be owned and hunted by the nobility alone. Loose skin made it harder for the bulls to damage the vital organs. When the OES came to America, the dog was for the ultra-wealthy. They are bold and confident, but also independent and intelligent. The modern Pitbull may still have aggressive tendencies if not trained well. This was when the Airedale Terrier was developed. The original grooming tradition of the Bedlington Terrier, with the ear tassels, clipped crown, and shaved head, is still a mystery. English Pointers. You have to keep an eye on their weight... Mary Craig from New York on May 07, 2013: Its easy to see how this hub made HOD! I have learned so much from your hubs - thanks for sharing your knowledge! As given by the name, the Yorkshire Terrier was developed in Yorkshire county during the mid 1800s. Hence it became known as the Staffordshire bull terrier. The kennel club lists the English toy terrier as a vulnerable native breed which means that not many puppies are registered each year. Terriers. Combine this with their always alert nature and they make some of the finest watch dogs. 2. They’re a classic breed that strikes the perfect balance in a family companion. These tend to be less active but with a strong guarding instinct. Their obedient nature and intelligence makes them great for training. What’s more, Greyhounds have a wonderful and pleasant temperament. Needless to say, they were the best. Often called the “poor man’s racehorse,” the Whippet is an amazing sprinter and athlete. American Hairless Terrier. American Staffordshire Terrier. 8 These spaniel dogs were first developed many centuries ago when flushing and tracking game birds in the uplands was needed. Their coats are also water-resistant, giving them the ability to work in rain or mist – which the borderlands often had. Usually this takes the form of hunting a human runner who sets off ahead of the dogs which gives a trail for them to follow. Bedlingtons are terrier dogs disguised in a sheep’s coat. They range anywhere from toy dogs to various working breeds. Border Terriers were bred to solve multiple problems, giving them a versatile edge. Known for their sharp noses and mild temperaments, Beagles have become one of the most iconic dog breeds to originate from England. It won't be an exhaustive list, but will contain well-known and less-well-known examples of English breeds. They love to play with their owners and won’t mind taking multiple walks a day. These dogs are the happiest when they have a job, such as guarding and watching territory. See all 180 Dog Breed Reviews – Tiny Dog Breeds English Cocker Spaniel; English Foxhound; English Mastiff; English Setter; English Springer Spaniel; English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) English Water Spaniel; English White Terrier In a similar mould to the corgi they were originally cattle dogs and would harry the cattle along by nipping their heels when necessary, so they can be quite feisty. Combine this with their eagerness to learn and you have one of the most trainable dog breeds England has to offer. Curly-Coateds may look like hard working dogs – and they are. Their jobs include various work, though they were mostly bred to flush game from an underground burrow. They’re also called “gypsy dogs” because they frequently accompanied nomadic Roman Gypsies in the 1700s. Other breeds from this group which I could have included are the clumber spaniel, Sussex spaniel, field spaniel, springer spaniel and English setter. These dogs were developed by a priest from Devon, England, named John Russell. There’s no other hound in the canine kingdom like them, as they’re the only ones bred to hunt these aquatic animals. The Bloodhound can still follow a 300-hour scent trail, that is, with the source leaving the area 12 days ago. One of the breeds he used was the Tweed water-spaniel popular in Northumberland and on the opposite side of the Tweed in Scotland. I have trained and worked in animal care as well as in career advising. Plus, the OES can also be very playful, often taking up to three years to fully mature. The difference between the Norwich and Norfolk Terrier is whether their ears are up or down – much like the Papillon and Phalene. A dog breed is a particular strain or dog type that was purposefully bred by humans to perform specific tasks, such as herding, hunting, and guarding. They’re famously known for being an even-tempered dog. They may work long hours, but come back with their cheerful and optimistic attitude often seen in these dogs. This site also participates in other affiliate programs and is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. These dogs may lose a bit in size, but make they make up for it in speed and agility while retaining a good amount of strength. English Bulldog. They can be somewhat playful and affectionate and don't require much grooming. American Hairless Terrier. It’s why they have pack-dog mentality and often do well with other dogs in the home. It’s a sport where these dogs were put in pits to essentially fight a bull to the death. They were very popular, but not recognised under Kennel club rules. The Whippets’ origin is linked with Victorian England in the mid 1800s. Few animals are faster than a Greyhound. They’re even-tempered dogs that know how to calm down and relax when they’re with their family. The breed comes in a wide variety of solid colours and also patches of colour on a white coat. These dogs were bred with the Pug to give it a shorter snout and domed head. But when the sport was banned in 1835, the breed was repurposed as a family dog. The Beagle is always cheerful, positive and friendly. Yorkies are bold and spirited with a dash of courageousness. Hunting and shooting were extremely popular pass times and the large estates could afford to run large kennels of dogs. They originated from dogs bred by the Reverend John Russell (1795-1883) who was also instrumental in breeding lines of smooth fox terriers. The high energy excitement is contagious and their eagerness to work and please is endearing. Occassional. Robie Benve from Ohio on February 27, 2013: Wow, so much info here about those lovely breeds, and wonderful photos to go with it! The front legs are straight and the hindquarters are strong and providing great endurance. The 45 Best Large Dog Breeds for People Who Want Impressive Pets. Perhaps the most iconic and well-known dog breed from England, the Old English Sheepdog holds a reputation for being gentle, smart and agreeable. The Staffordshire knows when to be calm, like in the presence of older kids. The Pointer makes an excellent working dog as well as a great running companion. The bloodhound has been bred in England since before 1300 which gives it a fairly strong claim to being an English breed. Their noses are so reliable that their findings and “testimony” are considered admissible in a US court of law. But when the Bloodhound isn’t working, they are friendly and affectionate dogs. An English dog breeder named Frank Jones is largely credited for the development of this dog. They are people-oriented dogs that will take every opportunity to please their owners. And as you may have guessed, the Mastiffs were crossbred with Bulldogs to achieve the Bullmastiff. The modern greyhound is more popular as a racing dog then as a show dog, but valiant efforts by greyhound charities to raise the profile of the breed as a pet has meant that increasing numbers of ex-racing greyhounds find their way into the comfort of home life and happily swap the racetrack for a comfy sofa. But where they lack in size, they make up in pure warmth and friendliness. Terriers have earned a reputation of being bold, spirited and good-natured. In the beginning, there were two breeds. Greyhounds are ancient dogs. Though a Norfolk stands at just 10 inches tall, they’re bursting with energy and have a lively demeanor that’ll put a smile on anyone’s face. English Bulldog Facts. But while the Greyhound was standardized in Great Britain, the origins of these dogs can be traced to Egypt roughly 5,000 years ago. Highlights: Cheerful, Inquisitive, Affectionate. Historians believe that the Border Terrier is one of England’s most ancient terrier breeds. Springer Spaniels are named after their hunting technique, in which they would “spring” towards the game. Enjoy your day and I vote up and share. In other words, they’ll be very energetic and active, demanding a decent amount of physical and mental exercises. Bush had a Springer Spaniel named Millie. Like the cousin Springer, the English Cocker Spaniel was bred centuries ago from various dog breeds from Spain. In many cases, a hunter cannot easily get to the game without a boat. It owes some of its appearance to setter and imported Newfoundland wavy-coated retrievers. 18 English Dog Breeds 1. Curs. Roman writers commented on mastiff type dogs, some of which were taken for fighting in the 'games' held at the amphitheater in Rome (The Kennel Club). American Cocker Spaniel. Plus, their alertness and fearlessness gives them a shot at being an excellent watch dog. However, this working class couldn’t afford to give a Greyhound adequate exercise or space. Back then, coal miners spent a lot of their free time racing dogs and hunting hare. Various breeds will have contributed to its development such as poodles and perhaps the Tweed water spaniel - an extinct breed. I might have a fight on my hands listing the greyhound as an English breed. It is a gundog and still used in gundog trials and by some gamekeepers, however the rise of the labrador retriever meant that the breed decreased in popularity as a gundog in the 20th century.The tight curly coat is waterproof and shakes dry quite satisfactorily - it was purposely developed for retrieving game from water. Much to learn about many animals. With family, though, they’re calm and loving. When the blood sport was banned, they were repurposed. That is, they will track down birds and point to them with their snout to signal to the hunter where the birds are.